A CV in layman's terms can be defined as a document that paints the first impression of a candidate in front of a recruiter. It puts forward the first impression of a candidate's academic, curricular, and co-curricular credentials, achievements, experiences, etc. CV screening is the first stage of the recruitment process, and hence one's CV needs to be flawless and eye-catchy. The following article will deal with all the aspects of a CV, including its importance, types of CV, and how a CV is different from a resume.
What is a CV?
CV is used as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase "Curriculum Vitae." As mentioned, the meaning of Curriculum Vitae, i.e., CV in its full form in English, means "course of life". A CV is a very descriptive document highlighting one’s professional and academic history. CVs typically include information like educational qualifications, work experience, achievements and awards, scholarships or grants earned, coursework, research projects, and publications of work.
CVs can be one to three pages long, but it’s not unusual for it to be much longer for mid-level or senior job applicants, as it serves as a full outline of one’s career accomplishments. CVs are highly professional and hence, are expected to follow a set of rules or conduct to adhere to the format.
Why is a CV required?
As stated earlier, a CV is used for academic and professional purposes. A decent amount of effort and time must be spent on CV preparation, as a top-quality CV will considerably boost the chances of getting a face-to-face interview, so it is worth spending time and effort on the content and presentation. It will make all the difference in obtaining the position one desires. The content in the CV must cater to the job requirements and specifications and hence must be sorted in an organised manner.
CVs have a wide range of applications, including education,
internships, and permanent positions. Below are some divisions mentioning
various fields where CVs are required. Each field has its own requirements in
terms of CV format or CV pattern.
CV for Educational Purposes
In academic fields, a CV is usually a comprehensive document
that provides detailed information on education, publications, scholarships,
and other achievements. Such a CV is generally used when applying for a
position in academia, while shorter CVs are generally used when applying for a
position in industry, non-profit organizations, or the public sector. While we
talk about the requirement of a CV to serve the purpose of education, it is
mostly used in applications at various prestigious universities within the
nation and abroad. While an individual aspires to pursue a Master's or a
Doctorate in a subject, they need to cite relevant qualifications in their CV
for doing so.
In this case, the essential academic achievements in terms of curricular and extracurricular activities in the CV must be highlighted. Also, depending upon the field of study, CVs are expected to include some exclusive data. For example, an engineering CV must mention the project the candidate completed in their course of education. Ideally, such CVs are not expected to be longer than one or two pages to provide ease to the recruiter and simultaneously increase the chances of including only relevant data in the CV.
CV for Internships
Recruiters nowadays look for more than just educational qualifications in a CV. They are in search of factors that can make a candidate’s CV look more experienced, and this is where internships play a major role. Internships, in this instance, add up more practical capability and provide accountability and legitimacy to a candidate's proficiency in that concerned field. It has been found through various studies that college-going students are the ones actively looking for internships, and that is when the question "How to make a CV for internships" starts to kick in. As stated earlier, the practical aspects of an internship are a boon to the CV. The CV format for internship should be written in such a way that it highlights the qualities of the candidates that will benefit them in their future tenure. While drafting a CV, one must make sure to be aware of the minutest details it must include and keep in mind the point that a CV for internships for freshers should certainly be different from a CV for internships for senior students, and likewise, depending upon the type of internship looked up for.
CV for Freshers
The term "freshers" here will cater to two groups of freshers. The first group is of the freshers in college, whereas the second group is of the freshers looking for jobs. Obviously, there would be significant differences in their respective CVs.
For College: When
we talk about the "freshers" in college, this is a group of
students who have graduated from their school and have
recently joined the college. Their CVs are just in the first phase of
their development, considering the recent exposure to the huge number
of internship opportunities accompanied by their first year of bachelorette
degree. Hence, there is a requirement for substantial
emphasis on the individual’s achievements, skillset, qualities,
extracurriculars, etc. in the CV format for freshers in college. The main
purpose of a CV for freshers in college is to look up for various
internships or part-time jobs, and as students are on the
lookout for various and diverse internships, they can save a
CV format for freshers in a word document and make changes depending
upon job requirements. This would ease the process for them.
Freshers for jobs are a group of people who have recently completed their
graduation or passed out of college and are in search of full-time employment.
Landing up with the first job in a professional career can be hefty and
tiresome and that is when various confusing and worrying thoughts keep
troubling them, one of them being "How to make a CV for the first
job". As freshers in the field, their CV should highlight the specific
skills required for the post and also mention the various curricular and
extracurricular achievements made in their educational career. The best CV
format for freshers includes details like various degrees, positions of
responsibilities, etc., arranged in reverse chronological order and placed in a
way that it is easy for the recruiter to go through it and be impressed by it
from the bundles of other CVs.
What is a Resume and how is it different from a CV?
It has been observed that a lot of people use the terms
"CV and Resume" interchangeably, but little do they realise the
differences between both. As a professional in the field, it is always ethical
and prudent to be aware of even the smallest differences.To begin with, the
differences between a resume and a CV include various features like the
document’s length, content, and purpose. The geographical location where the
job or the educational degree is based is also something to precisely consider
while trying to understand the differences.
In terms of geographic location, in parts of the world such as the UK, New Zealand, and parts of Europe, employers use the term "CV" to describe both CV and resume-style documents and don’t use the term "resume" at all. In South Africa, Australia, and India, the terms "CV and resume" are often used interchangeably. In the United States, a CV and a resume are two distinct documents that serve two distinct purposes. CVs are supposed to be more descriptive in comparison to resumes. They provide detailed descriptions of coursework, research, publications, or presentations. Considering the extensive nature of CVs, they are highly appreciated in the fields of education via their access to scholarships, funds, grants, etc., especially in the US. For the rest of the world, since the CV is more prominent and a lot of European companies don’t use the term "resume" at all, it's more classic, authentic, and better to use it in the professional fields.